These meters are called Smart Meters in California; however in other states they may go under another name. These meters according to some experts have a two way communication system which may violate US privacy rights. New research has been done on this and posted here as a pdf file by an expert on this area, Click here to learn more, Privacy Implications of Smart Meters.

Meters and future global grid Technocracy relationship; research by Patrick Wood:

References:
Cheryl Dancey Balough. (2011). Privacy Implications of Smart Meters. Retrieved from
http://www.balough.com/uploadedFiles/Privacy%20Implications%20of%20Smart%20Meter%20Cheryl

%20Dancey%20Balough.pdf

Patrick Wood. (2011). Youtube Presentation: Technocracy.

Patrick Wood. (2011). Technocracy. Retrieved from http://www.augustforecast.com/category/technocracy/